Energy Balance and Weight Loss for Diabetes Remission

Pharmacist-Provided Diabetes Education and Management in a Diverse, Medically Underserved Population

AbstractDiabetes remission—the occurrence of durable normoglycemia without antidiabetic medications—has been demonstrated in some patients with type 2 diabetes who have achieved and sustained weight loss through lifestyle intervention or metabolic and bariatric surgery. Although this pursuit would represent a paradigm shift in our diabetes chronic care model, could diabetes remission become a routine treatment strategy in patients with type 2 diabetes? This article reviews the mechanisms by which weight loss can drive improvements in insulin sensitivity and β-cell function sufficient to normalize glycemia, treatment approaches that provide evidence for diabetes remission, and avenues for developing the research and discovery that will be required to make diabetes remission possible as part of the routine medical management of type 2 diabetes.© 2020 by the American Diabetes Association

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